Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Idea, discovery, invention, innovation

By the middle of the twentieth century, the  words "innovate" and "innovation" were just beginning to be applied to  technology and industry. . . . If an idea begat a discovery, and if a discovery begat an invention, then an innovation defined the lengthy and wholesale transformation of an idea into a technological product (or process) meant for widespread practical use. Almost by definition, a single person, or even a single group, could not alone create an innovation. The task was too variegated and involved.
Jon Gertner, The Idea Factory: Bell Labs and the Great Age of American Innovation (New York: Penguin, 2012), p. 107

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